Nickie Aiken: Educating girls must be at the heart of the UK’s G7 presidency

19 May

Nickie Aiken is MP for Cities of London & Westminster, and Conservative Party Vice Chairman (Women & Communities)

Covid-19 has unleashed a global learning crisis for children, and this affects girls most acutely. Billions of days of vital education have been lost, with children in low-income countries worst affected.

Save the Children’s analysis suggests that between 10-16 million children are estimated to be at risk of never returning to school due to the pandemic. To put that number into context, it is roughly equivalent to every child in the UK never getting back to the classroom.

The UK’s role as host of the G7 summit, and co-host of the Global Education Summit: Financing Global Partnership for Education (GPE) 2021-2025, offers a unique opportunity to ensure that Covid-19, which has taken so much from us, does not also quash a girls’ right to learn.

For girls like Mahadiya from Ethiopia, 13, the dire long-term consequences of the pandemic are already beginning to bite. She said “I wish the virus would just go away and I am able to continue my education. I don’t want to lose my hope of becoming an engineer.”

As I am the parent of two teenage children, imagining the anguish Mahadiya and her family must feel as her hopes for the future slip away, is all too close to home.

The Prime Minister is a driving force behind advancing girls’ education globally. The inequality and deprivation which excludes girls from learning is, in his words, “an absolute disgrace”. He champions this agenda because it is the right thing to do, but it is also the smart thing to do; education is an engine of global economic growth and advances gender equality. For instance, one year of secondary education increases women’s wages later in life by up to 20%, and something as simple as universal quality secondary education could avert 51 million child marriages by 2030.

Girls’ education is also a powerful tool for tackling climate change. Enhancing girls’ life skills through education helps to ensure that countries are better enabled to prepare for future climate shocks, and equips girls for jobs in the green sector. Every additional year of school for girls increases her country’s resilience to climate disasters.

Girls’ education really is, as the Prime Minister once called it, the ‘Swiss Army Knife’ of the development toolkit. Making big investments in girls’ education now, will pay dividends in the long term by helping to create a thriving and prosperous global economy now, and for generations to come.

The G7 Summit and Global Partnership for Education replenishment could not come at a more important time. It is an opportunity for the UK to use its global influence and soft power to be a world leader in tackling the learning crisis faced by the world’s poorest children.

As I argued in my piece in the One Nation Conservatives’ Global Britain and Development Papers last year, girls’ education must be at the very heart of the UK’s approach to aid, international development and foreign policy. There is no better time to make that a reality than now in the UK’s unique window of opportunity.

If the world is to build back better in the wake of the pandemic, educating girls must be at the heart of the UKs G7 presidency. Not only is quality education every girls’ right; it is one of the most important investments in human development.

From my discussions, and in response to my questions in the House, I’ve been encouraged by the government’s commitment to put education at the core of its G7 agenda, and hope ministers lead on coordinated global action.

The UK should work with G7 nations to seize these opportunities to ensure that the most marginalised children, especially girls and those in fragile and conflict-affected states, are able to return to school and catch-up on lost learning.

The UK also has a leading diplomatic role to play as the co-host of the Global Partnership for Education summit to mobilise global finance to meet the $5 billion target for the next five years.

Even within the context of a temporarily reduced aid budget, it is realistic to hope that the UK itself will contribute £600 million to GPE to help foster strong and sustainable global education systems in some of the world’s poorest countries. This pledge will go a long way in delivering the Government’s commitment to girls.

Not only will financing GPE help get 46 million more girls into school, but it has the potential to lift millions out of poverty, and protect millions more girls from child marriage.

As the host of the G7, the UK will continue to have a leading role in the global Covid recovery. Girls’ education must be a core ingredient of the response in order to build healthy, green economies, and stem the increasing tide of poverty triggered by the pandemic.

Now more than ever, it is essential that girls’ education remains both a political and a rescoring priority for the FCDO, so that the PM’s commitments to girls are met in this unique window of opportunity.

Nickie Aiken: Why I campaigned to ensure that the Domestic Abuse Bill will give more protection to children

30 Apr

Nickie Aiken is MP for Cities of London and Westminster.

This week, the Government will deliver on another major manifesto commitment as the Domestic Abuse Bill receives Royal Assent. It has the potential to be a significant piece of legislation, laying as it does the foundations we need as a society to dramatically change not only how we think about domestic abuse, but how we respond to it.

The Domestic Abuse Act will do many things, but perhaps none greater than offering significantly improved protection to children and recognising them as victims in their own right. Domestic abuse can have a devastating impact on young people, resulting in emotional, social, psychological and behavioural difficulties that have long-term implications.

The Bill joins a long list of reforms to protect the vulnerable that successive Conservative governments have introduced over the past 30 years – the Children Act 1989; the Protection from Harassment Act 1997, which created the offence of harassment; the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012, which created the offence of stalking; and the Modern Slavery Act 2015, which Theresa May took through the House before becoming a driving force behind this Bill.

I was honoured to sit on the Domestic Abuse Bill committee – my first as a Member of Parliament. As a former children’s services lead at Westminster Council, I and others across the sector were keen to strengthen the Bill’s provisions for children. We knew well the evidence about the long-term impact domestic abuse has on children – nearly 800,000 in England alone – and what the right support can mean to their lives.

Home is meant to be a place of safety, where we are loved and cherished the most. But for some children home becomes a place of fear. They wake up every morning not knowing whether something they do will lead to violence and the type of abuse that most of us could never imagine. This nightmare has only worsened during the coronavirus crisis, which has shone a dark light on domestic abuse. For some families, things have been incredibly hard, trapped at home for most, if not all, of the day, creating the perfect storm that could make domestic abuse more likely.

Every day, children’s services teams up and down the country see the devastating effects that witnessing such abuse can have on a child’s development, educational attainment and long-term mental health. Yet the vast majority of young people across England and Wales do not receive any of the specialist support they need to help them recover from the trauma. Children exposed to domestic abuse need expert help to process and recover from their experiences and develop an understanding of healthy relationships and behaviours.

This is what drove me to push for their inclusion in the statutory definition within the Bill, and I’m grateful that ministers have been prepared to listen and agree amendments that make improvements. Working closely with charities like Action for Children and Women’s Aid, we were all able to change the conversation so the needs of children are not overlooked, and it is significant that the Bill now specifically includes children within households where domestic abuse takes place, recognising them for what they are – victims, and not just witnesses.

By identifying children in the statutory definition, we are helping to put them at the heart of how society deals with domestic abuse. Now their perspectives, their experiences, and their need for support will have to be taken into account by the frontline professionals working with their families.

As big a step as it is, the Act is only the first step. It’s not enough to think about helping children. We need to ensure every child who needs specialist help to overcome domestic abuse is able to receive it but, as Action for Children found, provision of domestic abuse services around the country is currently ‘patchy, piecemeal and precarious’.

At an early stage of its passage through Parliament, the Domestic Abuse Bill only required councils to provide specialist help if a child or young person was already in a domestic abuse refuge, not elsewhere. But, of course, most child victims live in homes, not refuges.

So, I’m pleased the Government has promised to consult on extending this duty to cover all child victims of abuse, wherever they live, as part of its work for the upcoming Victims’ Bill. That’s a testament to the hard work of the minister Victoria Atkins, who has impressed so many colleagues and campaigners with her willingness to listen and her quiet effectiveness.

I’m proud that it is a Conservative government that’s delivered a Domestic Abuse Act. It has the potential to change how society protects and supports our most vulnerable children.

Our job now, in national and local government, is to seize the opportunity and ensure every child who needs help to overcome domestic abuse is able to get it.