Amy Selman: How to be a campaigner and a governor – lessons from Johnson’s time as London’s mayor

16 Nov

Amy Selman was policy adviser to Boris Johnson when he was Mayor of London from 2010-2016.

Much was written about the personalities of the key players within Downing Street this week – and the consequent drama and intrigue captures the interest of the Westminster classes.

Less headline-grabbing are the methods of working which may also need a refresh in order to reassure Conservative MPs that the Prime Minister’s team is working for one of their ultimate goals – re-election in their constituencies.

It is too glib to say that campaigners can’t deliver in government. MPs know this because of the impressive record of many of their local council leaders, who tend to stay in office for longer, and run successful re-election campaigns.

In London as Mayor, Boris Johnson snapped up key local leaders, from Stephen Greenhalgh, Mike Freer and Theresa O’Neill (then leaders of Hammersmith & Fulham, Barnet and Bexley councils respectively), to replicate at the city level what they had done for their boroughs.

This team, managed first by Simon Milton as Chief of Staff, and then by Edward Lister, helped the Mayor run a united team of both civil servants and politicians. Some observations:

Gearing everything towards delivery – publish a traffic light system

The first is that the machinery of government can and wants to work for you, and the best way to consolidate that is through your manifesto.

Leaders are elected on a platform, and the civil service’s duty is to help execute it. A focus on delivering policies that voters chose is key to getting the machinery working. At City Hall, this was done by a diligent senior team who produced a monthly traffic light scoresheet for each 2012 manifesto commitment, and brought those in charge of implementing it to an Investment and Performance Board, with minutes that were almost wholly public.

This meant some difficult conversations both with heads of such agencies as Transport for London, and with the Deputy Mayors appointed to oversee them, but the process both integrated the teams and served as red flags when commitments were under threat.

The traffic light system was not always the favourite part of people’s work – more exciting, glamorous comms opportunities would capture daily headlines  – but the Chief of Staff and Permanent Secretary ensured that this core business had to be met first.

Adapt delivery for campaigning materials – so providing a record

The Board papers allowed the political team to extrapolate for London’s Conservative MPs achievements they could use in campaigning materials, such as those that CCHQ provided borough versions of newsletters.

Conservative MPs need regular red meat – material they can use to campaign on a record. Progress on manifesto commitments are the way to provide that, regardless of daily stories that blow hot and cold. Donors, too, want to see a scorecard that can reassuree them that core policies are being worked on.

Brand your successes.

Johnson’s team also instigated the appropriate branding for schemes – such as, at the insistence of Richard Blakeway, one of the Deputy Mayors, that all new part-funded Homes for London were attributed to the Mayor’s office as well as the private housebuilder.

There is a current debate about this practice in relation to UK Government schemes in Scotland.  It should be settled immediately: if taxpayer money is being spent in any part of the UK, the brand of Her Majesty’s Government must be displayed.

Adapt set pieces with bitesize briefings for MPs to use

Set pieces such as the Budget are another amalgamation of campaigning and governing. As Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne was a master of this fusion, and would pass on long shopping lists from London to civil servant teams, which would then whittle it down to list concrete commitments.

One example is the Long-Term Economic Plan for London of 2015, which adapted the work of the independent London Finance Commission – triangulating between Whitehall, local enterprise partnerships and other regional demands that the then Government was facing to ensure a fair share of investment.

Bitesize briefings based on the LTEP ensured that the huge sums pledged by the Treasury could be translated into local schemes and MP campaigning wins – such as nine new housing zones and two new tube stations. Mayors and regional MP leaders have a huge role to play in similar processes, and should feel that they are working with others as one team all along.

Create a network of insiders at all Party ranks

As Mayor, one of Johnson’s most frequent requests was: ‘what’s happening?’

These were not idle queries” rather, he created a network of allies to help respond to whatever target audiences were talking about: advisers and senior civil servants on forensic London issues; Tory MPs on constituent postbag audits (along with the gossip from dining clubs and the terrace), local council activists on doorstep concerns.

Remember who put you there – so get out and about.

Machiavelli wrote that “he who becomes a prince through the favour of the people should always keep on good terms with them”.  Jonathan Powell’s twentieth century addition was “and if his popularity goes down, his party becomes restless”.

For a mayor known only by his first name, the key to keeping on good terms was to get out and about. In a non-Covid-19 world, I’m sure that we would have seen a Prime Minister Johnson out and about in high streets across the country.

The rotating local London People’s Question Times, as with David Cameron’s Cameron Directs, created a discipline of looking at how wider policies were improving specific areas.

Instead of talking about body-worn cameras or free school places in the abstract, we would have to produce the figures for a borough and explain the exact nature of their benefits.

This helped local campaigners, along with such activities as the boost of a star-power walk, opening of one of London’s 100 new Pocket Parks or regeneration flagships such as Battersea Power station. There was never any tension at the dual nature of these events, with political visits coupled to official events -and Ministers are itching to get back to this even in a virtual world.

Respect the Grid, but don’t expect it to deliver key messages to target audiences

City Hall straddles – without fully controlling – policy areas, agencies and delivery bodies. Whitehall of course has this writ far larger. So the temptation to try and centralise announcements is natural: but in London, it rarely worked seamlessly, and with the audiences the Mayor wanted.

The grid is really a tool for journalists and Westminster, not for voters. It is important, especially if a key audience is the Tory backbenches, who need a Minister for The Today Programme, Newsnight and social media. To get to the voters, a string of random announcements on a topic such as transport should be consolidated into key messages repeated – which meansresisting the need to feed the news cycle beast.

Use the authentic voice – no-one writes to connect like Johnson

The style and reach of Johnson’s Monday Daily Telegraph column did more to focus on priorities than set speeches in warehouses or hard-hatted engineering visits.

Not that it was always disciplined: we would often reassure Numbers 10 and 11 on a Sunday that he would publicly support a new NHS or tax initiative…only for Monday morning’s paper to be a musing on ski holidays or working habits

But the Mayor’s authentic voice though cut through to core voters. And it became clear that when other Ministers wrote diary columns – in the Spectator for the Tory faithful, or in Grazia for new audiences – these would get far more discussion than press release columns.

After a difficult period that no post-war Prime Minister has had to grapple with, a refocus on what the Conservative Party promised voters in 2019, and how each constituency will feel the benefits, would help the Government to regroup. Time to return both governing and the campaign to Tory ground.

Clearing up litter is integral to regaining our civic pride

30 Jun

Perhaps it is a question of political allegiance. Would a Conservative drop litter? It is hard to conceive of such a thing. When the Countryside Alliance held huge demos in London, the streets of the capital were famously cleaner after proceedings than beforehand. Contrast this with the more regular occurrence of left wing protests – including those from supposed eco-friendly outfits such as Extinction Rebellion. They leave a huge mess for the rest of us to clear up.

On the other hand, Sir Roger Scruton thought it was our choice of drink. He wrote, in I DrinkTherefore I Am:

“I blame the drinks as much as those who jettison their containers. There’s something about those fizzy-solutions, with their childish flavours and logo branded bottles, that elicits the ‘me’ response in otherwise grown-up people. The quick-fix at the plastic udder. The exhilaration of bubbles in the throat, and the burp of satisfaction as the liquid settles, all narrow the drinker’s perspective, and work to obliterate the thought of a world beyond me and mine. And the self-styled gesture as the bottle is tossed from the window of the car – the gesture which says I am the king of the space through which this body travels, and f*** the rest of you, is exactly what we must expect, when childish appetites are indulged in private at every moment of the day.”

Scruton added that along his verge he had seen “beer cans, water bottle, whisky halves and soda cartons” but “never once a bottle of wine.” Enough said.

Apart from how we vote and what we drink is the issue of age and class. Peter Franklin has written for this site that males are more likely to be guilty than females, the young more than the old, the poor more than the rich, urban dwellers more than those in the countryside. He put the matter in the context of other ways that we have spoiled the environment – where it is richer older people who are the culprits:

“Small litter consists of objects like beer cans, cigarette butts, plastic carrier bags and fast-food packaging. Big litter, on the other hand, consists of hideous buildings, garish shop frontages and unnecessary street ‘furniture’ – such as the ubiquitous roadside railings supposedly required to stop us from playing with the traffic.

“If small litter is mostly generated by badly-educated youths, then big litter is generated by well-paid architects, bureaucrats and politicians who make it their job to fill our lives with ugliness.”

The most uncomfortable truth that Franklin raised was that the problem is worse here than other countries – France and Japan being mentioned as examples. What does it say for our national pride that so many of our fellow citizens are literally rubbishing our country? People talk of Singapore as being terribly extreme. But it’s about right. The fine for a first offence is $300 equivalent to £175 – though it is higher if it goes to court. Bright Blue suggested the fine in the UK should be £500. The current figure is £150. The main point is that the law is enforced.

The recent periods of sunshine and the easing of the lockdown have once again highlighted the issue – with many concluding it is worse than ever. Clare Foges writes in The Times:

“Last week’s plastic carnage was not some aberration but confirmation that Britain’s litter problem is truly dire. According to the Hygiene Council, ours is the dirtiest developed country in the world. About 122 tonnes of cigarette-related litter are dropped every day. Councils spend hundreds of millions a year clearing it all up — too late for the creatures who die as a result of the pollution. The RSPCA receives about 5,000 calls a year about litter-related injuries to animals. Our rivers, lakes and seas have become a soup of plastic particles; at the last count there were an average of 358 items of litter per square kilometre of seabed.”

Rubbish attracts more rubbish. Fly-tipping is especially serious. When I wrote about this a couple of years ago there were 936,000 recorded incidents on the most recent annual statistics. It is now 1,072,000. Higher fines and enforcement is needed. For the Government to rely on the Environment Agency, that most useless of Quangos, sends out a message of official indifference.

Far more community service orders should involve supervised groups picking up litter. Councils and environmental charities should work with the probation service to ensure that this work is carried out effectively. The guidance for the number of hours should be increased. Why should 300 hours be the maximum? Community payback sentencing for fly-tippers should be introduced. But we rely on local authorities to take enforcement action. The extent that they do so varies greatly. So we can see that my council, Hammersmith and Fulham, issued 20 Fixed Penalty Notices for fly-tipping last year. Across the River, in Wandsworth, it was 160.

Then there is the question of litter bins. In too many of our parks the contents of these receptacles are overflowing during good weather. We need more bins and/or more frequent bin collections. Sometimes this is rejected on grounds of cost. Surely emptying bins must be less work than picking up litter strewn all over the parks and streets. Of course, I am not defending those who leave the remains of their picnics on the grass even if the bins are full. But it helps to encourage people to do the right thing.

Due to coronavirus, some council tips have been closed. Simon Clarke, the Local Government Minister, and Rebecca Powe, the Environment Minister, have sent a letter calling on them to reopen them:

“While the majority of councils have opened tips, there is evidence that some have applied excessively tight restrictions on public access. Of course, it is important to maintain social distancing measures and ensure the health and safety of both the workforce and householders. Councils must also consider the harm to public health and local amenity from fly-tipping which is unfortunately fuelled by lack of access to responsible disposal of waste, and the harm from rubbish piling up in or near people’s homes. Therefore, councils should avoid unnecessarily tight restrictions like a limited number of pre-booked slots. Where there are opportunities to improve access and to help householders dispose of waste responsibly then we would encourage you to keep measures under review and to extend access where this can be done safely.”

We can see that Kingston Council – where you have to book and often find a slot isn’t available. While at neighbouring Surrey Council you just turn up.

So decay and decline are not inevitable. It depends on our personal and political choices.  Our national shame at our streets, parks, and beaches, being covered with plastic detritus needs to be harnessed into resolving to achieve the higher standards that other countries manage. It means the courts and the police, the politicians locally and nationally, taking the matter seriously. The growing sense is that the great majority of the public already does. The indignation is increasing and our elected representatives would do well to catch up.